Physical activity and create a happy and healthy
Physical activity is ranked as a leading health indicator for individuals of all ages . The health benefits of physical activity are well known . Physical activity not only increases average life expectancy and helps maintain a healthier body composition, but also reduces the risk of stroke, hypertension, cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis, and several forms of cancer.
Moreover, regular engagement in leisure-time physical activity provides a multitude of physical health benefits, including increased endurance, muscle strength, and overall physical fitness . Other benefits include greater mobility, coordination, physical endurance, and better posture.
As well as the many physical benefits, physical activity also has cognitive benefits. Memory, attention, cognitive performance, and reaction time improve with physical exercise.
Other benefits of physical activity include improved sleep and the prevention of cognitive impairments.
Engaging in regular physical activity can also reduce risk of dementia or cognitive decline. In fact, there is more compelling evidence of physical exercise preserving cognitive capacity with age than there is for cognitive exercises.
Regular physical activity also provides benefits to psychological well-being, including improved self-efficacy, self-image, self-satisfaction, self-esteem, body image, feelings of well-being, perceived health, and resilience.
Despite the numerous well-documented health benefits associated with maintaining an active lifestyle, older adults have low rates of physical activity . In fact, older adults are among the least physically active age group as compared to younger counterparts , with only about 25% of adults over the age of 65 engaging in regular physical activity, and this rate declines further to only 11% for older adults over the age of 75.
Research from a national study conducted by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention showed that only 28-34% of adults aged 65-74 engage in any physical activity. Furthermore, only 35-44% of adults over the age of 75 years reported being physically active . Although there is a larger proportion of older adults beyond the age of 75 who report being physically active, it is important to underscore the positive relationship between physical health and longevity . Consistent with previous research on positive health behaviors and longevity, those who engage in positive health behaviors, such as a healthy diet and exercise, have reduced risk for chronic health conditions and disability, and thus tend to live longer.
As a result, the movement of the elderly for the prevention of the risk of injury, and assist with the development of sports activities for the future of wearable society, will be a key to the continuation of health and longevity.
Originally wrist general patterns, the need to strengthen its protective and more wearable simplicity.
The elderly generally be worn belt, strap holder is assisted to walk in life, improve one or curvature of the spine atrophy caused by bad posture aids.
The integration of any technology into social and physical interventions will require careful design to be usable by older adults with disability. Design recommendations for older adults are applicable
In summary, technology interventions to promote physical and social wellness for older adults with disability have the potential to address an important worldwide societal issue. However, it is first necessary to understand who the end users are; what are their unique capabilities and limitations; and what needs should be addressed via an intervention. Our review aims to offer preliminary answers to these questions by providing a detailed overview of social and physical wellness, and the complex definitions, measurements, and interventions involved in the study of each construct. Our goal is to provide insight to the multifaceted nature of social and physical wellness and to suggest opportunities for technology interventions to positively impact various aspects of promoting wellness.
To that end, we highlight a variety of considerations for designing technology interventions; however, clearly much research is still needed in this problem space. Technology designers have an opportunity to make a positive impact. In focusing on technology interventions for older adults, it is critical to consider whether subjects are aging with a pre-existing disability, or have impairments and age-related changes that may lead to disabilities. Many challenges can potentially be mitigated through well-design technologies.
References：AUSMT Vol 5, No 4 (2015) ：Design Considerations for Technology Interventions to Support Social and Physical Wellness for Older Adults with Disability Jenay M. Beer, Tracy L. Mitzner, Rachel E. Stuck, Wendy A. Rogers
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